The Supreme Council
of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic

Official Website

28 years defending the interests of the people


The Supreme Council for 28 years has been protecting the rights and interests of citizens. The will of the people about creating their own statehood in 1990 was supported by deputies of all levels. This fateful decision was preceded by historical events in the Moldavian SSR.

A corresponding reaction to the decision of the MSSR parliament followed in Rybnitsa, where a rally of many thousands gathered. Its participants spoke in support of the equality of languages, giving the Russian language, along with Moldovan, the status of the state. The same ideas in the walls of the Supreme Council of the MSSR were voiced by deputies from the settlements of Pridnestrovie, but were rejected by the nationalist majority of the representative body of the Soviet republic. This led to the decision to create the Joint Council of Labor Collectives (OSTK). The public organization led the struggle of the inhabitants of the region for their rights.

After the MSSR Supreme Council adopted discriminatory laws on languages, residents of the left bank of the Dniester were only convinced of the correctness of the decision to defend their rights on their own.

On December 3, 1989, a referendum was held in Rybnitsa on the formation of the PASSR as part of the MSSR. Later they passed throughout Pridnestrovie.

The approval of the Romanian tricolor as the national flag by the new structure of the MSSR Supreme Council led to a conflict with the city councils of Tiraspol, Bendery and Rybnitsa. The deputies of these councils refused to recognize the Romanian flag as official. In May 1990, a group of Russian-speaking deputies from Pridnestrovie were beaten up by a frantic crowd of popular fronts in Chisinau, after which they stopped their work in the Moldovan parliament.

The deputies in this situation decided to apply this method of protecting the rights of voters, such as holding a congress of deputies of all levels of Pridnestrovie. The first one was held in Parkany on June 2, 1990. The outcome of its work was the adoption of the declaration “On the socio-economic development of Pridnestrovie”.

Moldovan authorities declared all decisions of Pridnestrovian deputies to be unconstitutional. Moldovan Prosecutor's Office opened criminal cases.

The course of historical events on the two banks of the Dniester contributed to the emergence of the idea of ​​creating an independent state. On September 2, 1990, the II Extraordinary Congress of Deputies of all levels was held, at which the TMSSR was proclaimed and a decision was made to create the Provisional Supreme Soviet (BBC). The newly formed body performed mixed functions of legislative and executive branches of government. Having existed for about two and a half months, the Air Force held 17 meetings, at which more than 60 laws and resolutions were adopted to regulate the viability of the republic. Fundamental was also the adoption of the provision for the elections to the Permanent Supreme Council.

The first meeting of the session, which opened the work of the Supreme Council of the PMSSR I convocation, was held on November 29, 1990. This date is listed as the day of the formation of the legislature of the republic. Igor Smirnov was elected chairman. The parliament was bicameral: the interests of the people were to be defended by the Council of the Republic and the Council of Nationalities. There were eight committees of the Supreme Council, six commissions. The constitutional commission was faced with the task of state importance - the development of the Basic Law of the Republic.

A major achievement of the Supreme Council of the first convocation was the holding of three referenda. On March 17, 1991, the people of Pridnestrovie voted for the preservation of the USSR. December 1 of the same year - for the independence of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic. On March 26, 1995, more than 90% of the referendum participants were in favor of the presence of the Russian army on the territory of the PMR.